Artificial intelligence, also referred to as AI, is either a program or machine that can perform human tasks and has some of the knowledge of a human. For example, AI can perform behaviours such as learning, problem-solving, motion, creativity and planning. Today, AI is used in many forms, including the popular virtual assistant from Amazon, Alexa, which you can talk to and direct it to perform tasks. In this blog, we take a look at how AI is used in architecture and what benefits it has on the industry.
What Benefits Can AI Have on Architecture?
Architects are somewhat concerned about the advancements of technology because there is a chance that at some point in the future, they may be replaced by AI robots that can design. But there is also an excellent opportunity for AI to take over the mundane tasks that are involved in architecture and can also help to avoid human error, therefore improving accuracy. Digitalisation has also transformed architecture through 3D printing; for more information on this, take a look at our previous blog.
1. AI Can Make the Start of an Architectural Project Easier
When starting a project, architects are required to conduct significant research which can often take hours. They must understand the design needs and requirements for the project at hand, but also recognise the design of previous projects. AI has the ability to retain masses of information and data, therefore, using AI can help an architect to research and test several ideas for the project with ease and in a far shorter amount of time. Furthermore, with this being conducted digitally, it prevents the use of pen and paper; this is not only beneficial to the environment, but it can also avoid human error and prevent any work being misplaced. When starting a project, for example, a family home, information such as building codes, facts on the family, and zoning data are required. AI systems can be used to consider all of the data and produce design variations that follow the requirements.
2. AI Can Improve Planning and Construction
Projects can take years to plan before any construction takes place, but AI can shorten this time and make this part of the process far easier. AI can give architects access to large quantities of data, create models, as well as generate estimates for costs. These abilities can speed up the overall planning process for the architect; therefore, AI can be hugely beneficial for the industry. The faster architects can complete a project, the more projects they can complete in a given time. Furthermore, once all the planning has taken place, and it is time to start construction, AI can also help with this stage. Robots and other AI systems can be used to help construct buildings, therefore, saving money on labour and reducing the risk of injury for any worker on site. Technology is always advancing, and currently, researchers are creating AI-powered drones that can communicate to build models. If this is successful and can be developed on a larger scale, it could be revolutionary in both architecture and construction.
3. AI Can Replace Boring Tasks
Machine intelligence is both stronger and faster than humans; therefore, they are perfect for performing repetitive and tedious jobs. Machines can work on tasks 24/7 without getting tired or bored, unlike a human. If working continuously on one job for too long, the human brain can become tired and less focused, and this can lead to accidents in the workplace and also human error. Human error can lead to big problems within projects, so it is in the industry’s best interest to incorporate AI into day to day tasks. At the end of the day, robots will never get tired of what they are programmed to do!
4. AI Can Save Money on Projects and Improve Productivity
While robots can perform the more boring tasks that architects can be faced with daily, they can also save money. Each project is allocated a budget, and if AI were to be used, then money can be saved on lunch breaks, holidays and sick pay. Machines do not need to take time off or have a break during a day’s work, unlike humans. Unless programmed otherwise, robots can work on a repetitive cycle, meaning the work output levels are much higher in comparison. With this level of productivity, it means that project deadlines can be met with ease, and it allows project members to work on other tasks more often.
The opportunities that AI offer the architectural industry, as well as many others, is incredible. The possibilities should be seen as positives as they can significantly benefit the overall processes involved in projects. If you are interested in architecture, why not take a look at our previous blog that looks at the sector in more detail?
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